Be Ye Transformed
Introduction, by Chuck Missler
From the bitter controversies which erupted from the first printing of this book, we clearly have struck some very sensitive nerves! Because of the surprisingly unscholarly (and unChristian) attacks, I felt compelled to add this tutorial introduction for this subsequent printing. Not surprisingly, at the root of these difficulties lies a controversy of major proportions.
Fortunately, we are deeply indebted to the encouraging ground swell of supporting letters from our readers, the continued flood of case histories of repaired marriages and healed lives, as well as the scholastic confirmations from Biblical authorities, for their validation and their continuing encouragement. Clearly, there continues to be much personal pain among Christian believers. Part of this tragedy is that much of it endures because we do not appropriate the resources that God has given us.
Two Extremes Among Christians
Compounding all this is much well-intentioned advice which condemns the unfortunate recipient into one of two extremes, each of which leave them without an effective remedy. On the one hand, many orthodox Christians believe and teach that all we need to do in order to deal with our hurts, fears, and painful past experiences, is to simply appropriate the fact that Christ died for our sins and has risen from the dead to live His Life out in us. They teach that all we are supposed to do is just forgive and love others because of God’s Love and forgiveness to us. Unfortunately, these can be just superficial platitudes which often fail to appropriate, in practical day-to-day, moment-by-moment operational terms, the remedies which God has provided and thus they deny the realities of our personal architecture. Some feel that the idea of “hidden chambers” or a “secret place” where we hide and bury our hurts, fears and insecurities is a purely Freudian idea and therefore must be discarded.
At the other extreme, we encounter Christian psychologists and psychiatrists—more specifically, psychotherapists—who believe and teach that the only way we can deal with our hurts, past experiences and fears is by going through years of in-depth therapy, inner healing, visualization, healing of the memories, etc. The spiritual bankruptcy of these secular nostrums deny the real root causes of our problems. They attempt to deal with the symptoms, denying the real source of our difficulties which is sin.
Freud’s Deceptive Legacy
Freud’s controversial ideas have had vast implications far beyond the field of psychiatry and psychotherapy. His ideas have had a major impact in our art, entertainment, education, and political conduct—and in shaping the dominant world view which is so pervasive in our modern society. He is one of David Breese’s “Seven Men Who Rule the World from Their Graves.”1 The prevalence of some of his ideas among “Christian counselors” has also led to tragic consequences within the Body of Christ.
Sigmund Freud was born on May 6, 1856. As a creative physician specializing in treating the mentally ill, he developed a comprehensive theory concerning the psychological structure and functioning of the human mind. One can’t deal with any model of the human personality without putting into perspective the impact of Freud upon our prevailing conceptions and even on our common vocabulary. We speak of being “egocentric,” or that someone is an “egomaniac;” and we often experience the “Freudian slip,” attributing to a slip-of-the-tongue some hidden, subconscious agenda.
Freud recognized, as did many before him, that the complex of mental activities within an individual precede without his conscious awareness. He believed his own complicated set of early memories were decisive in determining many of his later decisions.2 Often, hidden experiences seemed to influence subsequent behavior, defying conscious, deliberate, rational intent. Freud distinguished among different levels of consciousness. Behind a person’s immediate field of awareness there seemed to lay deeper levels of preconscious and subconscious activity.3
In his early practice, Freud became convinced that aberrant behavior in the present could be traced to experiences in the past, even as a very young child. It appeared, at first, that behind the apparent neuroses of a patient was some kind of aberrant sexual practice. It was later that even Freud began to have doubts about what his patients had said.4 He began to realize that most of the seductions his patients had reported had, in fact, never taken place. He concluded that they were simply attributing their symptoms to imaginary traumata which they themselves had created in fantasies.5 (It is interesting that these notions continue to dominate some of the destructive psychological fads of today, such as “repressed memory syndrome,” and others.)6
It was Freud’s explorations and conjectures that led to many of the present concepts of psychoanalysis. The attribution of the origin of neurotic symptoms to conflicts that have been removed from consciousness through a process called repression is now a major tenet of psychoanalytic theory derived from Freud and repression is now a major tenet of psychoanalytic theory derived from Freud and his followers.
Freud’s Model of the Self
As Freud continued to develop his ideas, he saw the human personality as consisting of three somewhat overlapping components: the id, the ego, and the superego.
The id, to Freud, was the repository of the dark, elemental components of the human personality—a cauldron of seething emotions—the passions, irrationalities, and, primitive elements of human nature.
Superimposed upon the id was the ego—the entity through which the id interacted with the outside world. It formulated the personality, selectively accepting and rejecting the emergent emanations from the id.
Above these components was the superego—something like, but not quite, the conscience. In a somewhat judgmental sense, the superego brought into consciousness the ideas of guilt or approval. The ego then reacts to the moral dictates of the superego, rebelling against them or submitting to them. Behind these entities were a pair of instincts—the life instinct and the death instinct—that produce the energies accumulated in the id. For Freud, the libido was the great reality: the life force, broadly associated with the sexual instinct. He saw this as the universal motivation for all things.
This was the Freudian picture of the human inner being that moved into the consciousness and table talk of our present world. We all have found ourselves alluding to his concepts and vocabulary at one time or another.
Freud created these arbitrary delineations in his own mind and then superimposed them on the personalities attributed to his patients. Although his data came from unconfirmed and unconfirmable testimony of privately interviewed patients, fascination with his ideas spread throughout his world and has continued into ours.
However, the professional class, even then, was less convinced and analyzed him to the point of repudiation. Although the outside world was captured by his titillating theories, his contemporaries, including Eugene Bleuler, Carl G. Jung, Alfred Adler, and others broke away from him.
Even to this day, recent articles have continued to cast serious doubts on the efficacy of psychoanalysis and its related arts.7
With all of its confusing contradictions, the influences of Freud have had a profound and subversive effect on the thinking of our present age. He changed man’s view of himself and his nature. Perhaps the most critical influence Freud has had upon society was his invention of a new determinism by which man does what he does and becomes what he becomes. He saw the libido as the prime mover. This legacy has dragged sex into the streets, our homes, into every nook and cranny of our lives—and has also filled our psychiatrists’ couches. Sexual determinism, however, is a fascinating, titillating lie.
“Even the ancient Greeks recognized that Eros was prone to uncontrollable excess, destructiveness and violence. Eros was the blaze that burned Troy and left its plains strewn with corpses, the flame kindled by Paris and Helen’s illicit passion. The Greeks understood that cultural and social controls were necessary to limit the force of sex and harness its energies. Sexual taboos, institutions like marriage, emotions like guilt and shame, even reason itself were all devices for clipping Eros’ wings. Philosophers and tragedians may have debated whether these devices ultimately could work, but no one seriously believed that Eros could be “liberated” from social checks and limits and left to the individual alone.”8
Then, with an assist from Freud, we liberated Eros. We dismissed traditional social restraints as repressive impediments and puritanical inhibitions which stifled the expression of our authentic selves. Guilt and shame were discarded as hurtful and hypocritical; no-fault divorce reduced marriage to a lifestyle choice as changeable as a car or a job; reason was dismissed as the instrument of repression and neurosis.
The results of this novel experiment? We have poured our youthful energies into the sinking sands of time. The combination of Darwinism, values relativism, and the physiological determinism of Freud has plunged our society into moral free fall.9 Venereal plagues, illegitimacy, weakening of the family, debasement of women, vulgarization of sex in popular culture, chronic dissatisfaction with sexual identities—all testify to the costs of failing to restrain Eros’ dark power.
Freud’s notions have also been picked up in an ominous way by totalitarian society. Paul Johnson notes, “The notion of regarding dissent as a form of mental sickness, suitable for compulsory hospitalization, was to blossom in the Soviet Union into a new form of political repression.”10
It is terrifying to see the same signs on our own domestic horizon with enforced insanity of “political correctness.” It is frightening to note that those who harbor dissenting views of independence, traditional family values, and other Biblically based attitudes are now being labeled as “extremist nuts,” “kooks,” and the like.
David Breese suggests, “In giving us the determinism of libido, Freud did at least two things. First, he caused the world to concentrate on libido to the point of addiction. Second, he legitimized the creation of determinisms, thereby opening the door for the invention of the plethora of other determinisms that are being concocted in the minds of the would-be pied pipers of our time.”11
What is the determinism that really makes man what he is? The most significant force moving through history is not Darwin’s natural selection, Marx’s economic determinism, or Freud’s libido. It is the Will of God. There is nothing else of significance in life except that: God and His perfect Will for man. The Apostle Paul points out, “We can do nothing against the truth, but for the truth.”12
The key to all reality is the intelligent human will responding affirmatively to the Will of God. One of the primary insights is given to us by God Himself:
And God said, ‘Let us make man in our image, after our likeness; and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth on the earth.’ So God created man in His own image, in the image of God created He them; male and female created He them.
Profound beyond description is the assertion that we are images of the Creator of the Universe. Man is not merely a collection of psychological forces. Neither are we a subspecies of the animals. Freud was one of the great deceivers, confusing millions as to the nature of man and ignoring the nature of God. One of the productive discoveries is that the architecture of man is the Temple designed for the worship of, and fellowship with, God. (This will be explored in Chapter Eight.)
Freud concentrated on himself to the exclusion of the Being by whose creative power and present grace we are able to continue our existence. God Himself has given us His map of our inner being in the architecture of the Temple. This was introduced in The Way of the Agape, the first book in this series. Be Ye Transformed will explore the practical implications of this architecture.
The believing Christian avoids the deceits and conceits of Freud. He recognizes that the soul of man grows out of the interaction between the body and spirit and is the means by which man communicates to the outside world. Through faith in Jesus Christ, the believer possesses the indwelling source of God’s life from whom he is possessed with joy, fulfillment, and victory.
The field of psychology is ultimately doomed to frustration since it cannot penetrate beyond the psyche (soul).13 It is impossible to infer the inner structure of man from only observing his external behavior. This is just as futile as attempting to ascertain, from its external behavior, the internal architecture of software running on a computer since it is also a self-modifying entity operating inside an infinite state machine.14
Furthermore, while psychology recognizes the destructive and corrosive role of guilt in the human psyche, it can only address the symptoms, not the cause. The root problem is sin. Values relativism denies sin’s existence. Psychology ignores its reality.
Only God can deal with sin—and He already has. That is the core issue in the entire Biblical drama: His redemption of a fallen race through the ultimate love affair; with a comprehensive reprieve, written in blood on a wooden cross erected in Judea almost two thousand years ago. Have you availed yourself of its healing and its liberation from bondage in your life? This is what this book is hopefully intended to facilitate.
The Controversy over the Subconscious
In their zeal to distance ourselves from the deceits of Freud, many people are confused both about the existence of what is commonly called the subconscious15 and its role. Many Christians, driven by their concern about the preoccupation of psychologists with the subconscious, mistakenly deny its existence, ignore its Biblical basis, and thus fail to avail themselves of an essential cleansing.
Because the writings of Sigmund Freud have had much influence on our daily vocabulary and familiar idioms, many erroneously assume that the subconscious itself is also a Freudian concept. While we in no way accept Freud’s peculiar views and obsessions with the subconscious, we do believe that our memory does work below the conscious level. In their rejection of the deceptions of Freudianism, many Christians assume that the concept of the “subconscious,” or “unconscious” is also fallacious. However, the recognition of the subconscious pre-dates Freud by over 1500 years! (A brief history of the subconscious has been included as an Appendix.)
How often have you attempted to recall a once-familiar name, and yet have been frustrated by it’s remaining just beyond your direct recall? And then, a short time later, you find it suddenly emerge in your conscious memory? This common phenomenon simply demonstrates that there is a portion—apparently the major portion—of our memory which operates below the conscious level.
Most people, especially those who have devoted themselves to creative enterprises and problem solving, have also discovered an astonishingly effective technique to resolve an unusually difficult or illusive problem. After reviewing all of the relevant facts and factors impacting some troubling dilemma, they then deliberately abandon the direct attack, and subsequently indulge in some alternative, absorbing, diversion: a sports activity, a hobby, or more commonly, a good night’s sleep, only to have the difficulty clearly resolved upon waking.
Clearly, there are powerful information processing resources at work below our direct, conscious level. We usually call this region of “memory,” the subconscious, the unconscious, or hidden memory. (These terms will be used interchangeably in this book.)
The Bible, of course, is the ultimate validation of any truth. The Bible alludes many times to parts of our memory and experience that are not directly accessible to our conscious mind.
In Psalm 19:12-13, David asks God, “Who can understand his errors? Cleanse Thou me from secret [covered up, closed up, hidden] faults…let them not have dominion over me….” From whom are these faults secret? God? I think not. Ourselves? Yes, this is what David is imploring God to do; to show him and cleanse him from his secret faults. These are things that we have hidden away either out of our ignorance or our simply not wanting to deal with them. Only God, by His Spirit, can show us and cleanse us from them.
The Amplified Bible calls these faults “hidden and unconscious.” Its publishers state in their foreword, “…amplification helps the English reader comprehend what the Hebrew and Greek listener understood as a matter of course.”16
Psalm 139:23-24 follows this same line of expression, “Search me, O God, and know my heart; try me, and know my thoughts; and see if there be any wicked way in me….” Again David is asking God to expose any “secret, unknown faults” in him, so he can confess and repent of them. And Psalm 51:6 states, “Behold, Thou desirest truth in the inward parts; and in the hidden part Thou shalt make me know wisdom.” Here, David refers not only to “inward parts,” but also to “hidden parts” of our internal architecture. What is he referring to, if there really is no hidden place or secret place?
And in 2 Corinthians 10:3-6, what are the “strongholds” that Paul is talking about? Are these strongholds simply conscious attitudes and physical behaviors that we have? Or, could these also be the secret, hidden faults that David asks God to cleanse him of in Psalm 19:12? The writer of the Epistle to the Hebrews also refers to a “root of bitterness” (Hebrews 12:15). We understand that a “root” is something hidden or covered up. Often we are not even aware that a “root of bitterness” has sprung up in us, until God, by His Spirit, points it out.
Then, of course, there is the undeniably clear Scripture in Jeremiah 17:9 which tells us that not only is our human heart “deceitful above all things, and desperately [incurably] wicked,” but, “who can know it?” No one but God can understand the wickedness of our hearts. In other words, there are things in our hearts that are hidden and secret, even to us!
Daniel 2:30, Psalm 44:21 and 1 Corinthians 14:25 also present this same line of expression. God is the only One who “knoweth the secrets of our hearts” because He is the only One who can see, search and try our hearts.17
Among other Scriptures that hint at covered, closed and hidden things that we are not even aware of are Deuteronomy 7:20, Acts 8:21-23, Psalm 16:7 and Ezekiel 14:1-6.
The Hidden Chambers
The actual word “subconscious” or “unconscious” is not used in our translations. The Hebrew word found in Scripture is “cheder,” which means the innermost part, the hidden chambers, the inward part or the secret place. Of the over 38 Scriptures that use the word cheder, over half refer to a secret, hidden, innermost chamber or parlour. Here are a few examples.
Proverbs 20:27, “The spirit of man is the candle of the Lord, searching all the inward parts (cheder) of the belly.” (Why would the spirit search our inward parts, if not to reveal hidden sin in us, to us?);
Proverbs 18:8, “The words of a talebearer are as wounds, and they go down into the innermost parts(cheder) of the belly.” (If there is no “secret place” or “hidden chambers,” where is this “innermost part”? This is also quoted in Proverbs 26:22).
Proverbs 20:30, “The blueness of a wound cleanseth away evil; so do stripes the inward parts (cheder) of the belly.” (What does God mean, if we don’t really have an innermost part or hidden chambers where evil can hide?).
And, Proverbs 24:4, Only “by [intimate] knowledge (daath) shall the chambers (cheder) be filled with all precious and pleasant riches.” (Intimate knowledge of God happens internally—in our soul. How then, can these “chambers” be filled with “all precious and pleasant riches,” if there really is not an “innermost part”?)
Psalm 51:6 seems to follow this same line of thinking. David declares “…in the hidden part Thou shalt make me to know wisdom.” (God wants this hidden part—this secret place—cleansed of “secret faults” and then filled with all precious and pleasant riches, i.e., God’s Wisdom.)
Among other provocative Scriptures that use the word cheder are Ezekiel 8:12, Deuteronomy 32:25, Proverbs 7:27 and 2 Chronicles 18:24.
Destructive Roots Must Be Dealt With
Jesus, of course, must be at the center of any true healing.18 Yet if we deny the reality of our “hidden chambers,” and don’t allow Him to expose and deal with the root causes of our problems (because we deny their existence, and simply concern ourselves with the symptoms), then those symptoms will return again and again.
(We are not saying that everything we think and feel has a hidden, root cause, but we do believe that much of what makes us bitter and angry and fearful, does.)
As a result of seeing our symptoms return, we end up discouraged, depressed and convinced that God doesn’t love us, because He hasn’t answered our prayers—He hasn’t taken these things from us. And of course, Satan rejoices!
Similar results can occur with the Christian psychologist’s or psychiatrist’s viewpoint. Many of these “Christian” counselors and doctors do not put Jesus in the center as the only true Healer of our souls, but rather the therapy itself. All they are doing in their counseling sessions then, is re-programming those same negative hurts, fears and insecurities right back into our hidden chambers where they become even more tenacious strongholds for the enemy. As a result, we again end up discouraged, depressed and convinced that God doesn’t love us, because he hasn’t answered our prayers—He hasn’t taken these things away from us. And once again, Satan rejoices!
In order to genuinely walk in the Truth, we must also experience truth inwardly. “Behold, Thou desirest truth in the inward parts, and in the hidden part Thou shalt make me know wisdom.” (Psalm 51:6)
Thoughts and feelings in our life that are “not of faith” and that we don’t immediately “deal with” and give over to God, automatically get pushed down into our hidden chambers (the secret recesses of our soul) and eventually become a hidden motivation for our actions. All of our fears, insecurities, memories, etc., that we bury, thinking “no one will see and no one will know,” can ultimately end up controlling and directing our lives and forcing us to live a lie.
As God begins to teach us how to “take every thought captive,” we’ll see that we can get free of, not only our conscious negative thoughts and emotions, but also all the hidden, secret doubts, fears and insecurities that we have buried deep within our souls and that have motivated us for most of our lives.
By His Mind operating in us, God can penetrate deep within these hidden chambers of our souls and not only expose, cleanse and heal these areas, but also root out the strongholds of the enemy. God wants “truth in the inward parts.” He wants us freed and unencumbered to serve Him.
This book is dedicated to exploring the authority and power of God that He has already given us to literally “free us” from anything that “is not of faith,” so that we can walk in God’s Love and Truth.
We need to understand how to allow the Spirit of God to work in our whole person, not only in the conscious part of us where we experience many of the “symptoms” of our problems, but also in the “hidden, secret part” of us where many of the roots of our problems lie. If we don’t allow the Spirit of God to point out the roots, many of our symptoms will return again and again (as in the two above ways of thinking).
What is needed in the Christian body is first, to put Jesus in the center as our only true healer.Because only Jesus can see our hearts; only He can show us the real “root causes” of our problems; only He can remove them “as far as the east is from the west”; only He can align our feelings with our choices and make us genuine; and only He can give us the Love we need to go on as if nothing has happened.19
And second, to allow Jesus, by His Spirit to expose, cleanse and heal our hidden and secret faults, so that God can completely remove these roots from us and we can truly be healed.
At this point, we will be able to let Christ live His Life out through us and we will be able to genuinely love and forgive others as Christ would have us do. We needn’t wait, by the way, until all our problems and hurts are dealt with before God can live His Life out through us. If we can choose to give over to God, any root of bitterness, unforgiveness, unbelief, fear, (whatever God shows us), then His Life and His Love will flow through us in a new and powerful way. As a result, we’ll experience an intimacy with Him that we haven’t known before—experiencing more of His Love not only for ourselves, but “unconditionally” for others.
So, as Christians we don’t have to work at cleaning up our past as psychology teaches, but simply giving God permission to expose, in the present, the whole man—not only our conscious sins, but also our secret faults. Once He brings up the roots and they are dealt with as He would have us to do, then He will remove them “as far as the east is from the west” and we truly will be healed.
Be Ye Transformed
Romans 12:1-2 is the key: “I beseech you brethren, by the mercies of God, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, which is your reasonable service. And be not conformed to this world, but be ye transformed by the renewing of your mind, [so] that ye may prove what is that good, and acceptable, and perfect will of God.” (emphasis added)
The question becomes, how do we do this? How are we transformed into God’s Image? Again, Romans 12:2 gives us the answer. It says the only way we can be transformed is by the constantrenewing of our minds.
Only by learning how to put off the limitations and presuppositions (the garbage) in our own thinking and put on the Mind of Christ can we experience the freedom to drop our masks and facades, be transparent in sharing our needs and genuinely show forth Christ.
Jesus promises in John 8:32, “You shall know the truth and the truth shall make [set] you free.”
God knows how desperately we Christians need to be “set free:” set free, first of all, from ourselves, from our circumstances, from others’ responses, and from Satan’s deceptions. Only by renewing our minds—putting off the garbage in our thinking and putting on the Mind of Christ—will we ever enjoy this freedom in our lives. The incredible ability to throw away our self-protective defenses and just be who God created us to be in the first place.
The first book in the King’s High Way Series, The Way of Agape, explored what God’s Love is and how it differs from human love; what it means to love God; and, how we are to love others.
Be Ye Transformed explores what God’s Truth is and how we can be “set free” to live it, what the Mind of Christ is, and what it means to renew our minds so that we can be transformed into God’s Image.
Remember, Acts 17:11: Be like the Bereans, and “receive the Word of God with all openness of mind, yet search the Scriptures daily to prove whether those things are so.” Also,
“Prove all things; hold fast that which is good.” 1 Thessalonians 5:21
It is our earnest prayer that this book will prove of practical help in your own Christian walk.
This is really Nan’s book; just as we did in The Way of Agape, let’s let her tell it her own way.
In His Name!
Beneficiary at large
1. Dave Breese, Seven Men Who Rule the World from the Grave, Moody Press, Chicago IL, 1990. This is “must read” book from one of the towering Christian communicators of our time and a dear personal friend.
2. Early Background: Sigmund Freud was born on May 6, 1856, in Freiberg, Moravia. From his father’s previous marriage, he had two older brothers as old as his mother. Among his younger brothers and sisters was a younger Julius who died in infancy, leaving Sigmund with guilt feelings (having harbored evil thoughts toward him as a rival for his mother’s love). He later viewed the death as a fulfillment of his evil thoughts, thereby beginning a life-long tendency to self-reproach. Years later he wrote that he had been sexually aroused by seeing his mother naked, an event to reverberate years afterward in Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality. On another occasion he recollected having deliberately urinated in his parent’s bedroom at the age of seven, prompting his father to remark: “That boy will never amount to anything.” Beginning at an early age, allusions to this scene, accompanied by demonstrations of “accomplishments and successes,” constantly occurred in his dreams. Anti-Semitism also played a part. A powerful memory destined to haunt Freud was based on his father’s account of a Gentile who had knocked his new fur cap into the gutter one day and shouted: “Jew, get off the pavement.” When the 12-year-old boy inquired of his father how he reacted to such treatment, he replied: “I stepped into the gutter and picked up my cap.” The remark permanently damaged the father’s image in the boy’s eyes.
3. Freud first published systematic statements about the unconscious in the Proceedings of the London Society of Psychical Research in 1912; also, in Zeitschrift, Vol III, 1915. Freud wasn’t the first to recognize this: cf. Karl von Hartmann, The Philosophy of the Unconscious, 1893.
4. He recounted four factors which began to undermine his own confidence in these theories: His continued unsuccessful attempts to bring his analysis to a conclusion; the impossibility of believing that so many fathers were sexual perverts; the definite realization that there is no “indication of reality” in the subconscious; and the absence of memories of sexual assault in serious mental illness when the personality was invaded by the subconscious. Gérard Lauzun, Sigmund Freud: The Man and His Theories, Fawcett, Greenwich CT, 1962, p. 49 (as quoted in Breese).
5. Freud, The History of Psycho-analytic Movement, ibid., p. 50.
6. Paul Gray, “Lies of the Mind,” Time, 11/29/93, pp.52-59.
7. Paul Gray, “The Assault on Freud,” Time, 11/29/93, pp.47-51; Eric E. Goode w/Betsy Wagner, “Does Psychotherapy Work?” U.S. News & World Report, 5/24/93, pp. 56-65.
8. Bruce Thornton, “When Cupid Aims, You’d Better Duck,” L.A. Times, February 14, 1997.
9. Review Alan Bloom’s The Closing of the American Mind, and Robert Bork’s Slouching to Gomorrah for an excellent (secular) review of our present predicament.
10. Paul Johnson, Modern Times, Harper & Row, NY, 1983, p.6.
11. Breese, p.146.
12. 2 Corinthians 13:8.
13. Hebrews 4:12.
14. A full discussion appears in the briefing package, The Architecture of Man, published by Koinonia House or the book, The Way of Agape, published by the King’s High Way, Ministries, Inc.
15. We use the words, subconscious, unconscious and memory as synonyms.
16. The Amplified Bible, Zondervan Publishing House, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1970, page 265.
17. Luke 9:47; Proverbs 21:1-2; Hebrews 4:12; Psalm 139:23; 1 Chronicles 29:17; Jeremiah 11:20; 17:10; 20:12 and many more.
18. Isaiah 53:5; 1 Peter 2:24; Isaiah 61:1; Luke 4:18-19.
19. Proverbs 20:27; Psalm 19:12; Psalm 103:12; 1 Corinthians 13:4-7.